Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, November 26, 2022

Sacred Groves in West Bengal

 

 

 

 

Sacred grove at Talamu, Purulia district, West Bengal

 

 

 

 

In West Bengal sacred groves are known as Gramthan, Haritan, Sabitritan, Jahera, Deo Tasara and Mawmund.

 

562 sacred groves have been documented in the state. Sitala, Garam, Manasa, Devimani (lady of the grove) and Makali are the deities to whom these groves are dedicated.

 

Saal, Bamboo, Mango, Indian butter tree, Neem, White mardah, Wild date palm, Narrow-Leaved Indian Mulberry and Trumpet Flower tree are among the most commonly found plant species in the sacred groves.

 

The sacred grove as an institution is associated with a range of oral narratives and belief systems. These make up a unique social means to prevent intra-group conflicts and violation of the traditional ethos from infringement by outsiders. The sacred grove represents the unique fragments of the respective species gene pool.

 

 

 

 

             Terracotta Votive Offerings inside a Typical Sacred Grove 

 

 

 

 

List of Sacred Groves in West Bengal

 

 

 

 

(Map courtesy: http://www.india.gov.in/maps/)

 

  

 

 

Sl.No.

No.of SacredGroves

Sacred Grove Name

Sacred Grove Location

Area (Hectares)

District - East Medinipur

 

1

1

Garamthan

Kendua

0.02

2

1

Sitalthan

Kendua

Not Known

3

1

Shibthan

Kendua

Not Known

4

1

Chakrasinithan

Kendua

0.36

5

1

Jahera Than

Kendua

0.04

6

1

Burial ground

Kendua

Not Known

7

1

Jahira Than

Kashibandh

0.03

8

1

Jualbhanga Than

Kendua

0.11

9

1

Sithal Than

Kashibandh

Not Known

10

1

Sidhu-Kanu Than

Kashibandh

Not Known

11

1

Burial ground

Kashibandh

Not Known

12

1

Baram Than

Purba Bali Bandh

Not Known

13

1

Sithal Than

Purba Bali Bandh

Not Known

14

1

Godrapukur

Kashibandh

Not Known

15

1

Kali Than

Purba Bali Bandh

Not Known

16

1

Burial ground

Baro Pipri

Not Known

17

1

Garam Than

Baro Pipri

Not Known

18

1

Sithal Than

Baro Pipri

Not Known

19

1

Hari Than

Baro Pipri

Not Known

20

1

Bhairab Than

Baro Pipri

Not Known

21

1

Burial ground

Baro Pipri

Not Known

22

1