Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Sunday, July 21, 2019

Sacred Groves in Manipur

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The worship and protection of forests called Umanglai, because of their associated deities, are still practiced by the modern Manipuris who preserve their ancient tradition. These groves are locally known as Gamkhap and Mauhak (sacred bamboo reserves).

 

166 sacred groves have been documented in the state.  Some of the deities to whom these groves are dedicated are Umanglai, Ebudhou Pakhangba, Konthoujam Lairembi, Chabugbam and Chothe Thayai Pakhangba.

 

Siris, Fig, Cluster fig, Marlea, Chamomile, Broken bones plant, Konara Oak, Moner moton gaas, Common Walnut, Common Grey Mango, Tippera and Bollygum are among the most commonly found plant species in the sacred groves.

 

Ecologically valuable species like Siris and Cluster fig, which conserve high amounts of nitrogen, phosphorous, magnesium and calcium in their leaves, are found in several sacred groves of Manipur. Keystone species contribute to the maintenance 

 

 

 

 

Source: http://www.idc.iitb.ac.in/dsource/resource/sacred-groves-manav-sangrahalay/sacred-groves/umanglai-%E2%80%93-sacred-grove-manipur

http://www.zogamonline.com/index.php/world/general/item/782-sacred-groves-in-manipur.html

 

 

 

 

 

 



List of Sacred Groves in Manipur

 

 

 

 

 

Sl.No. Sacred Grove
Name
Sacred Grove Location Name of the deity Area
(Hectares)
District - Bishnupur
1 Sawongbung
Lairenbi
Sawongbung Sawongbung Lairenbi 0.020
2 Salam
Sorarel
Salam Mayai Leikai Sorarel     0.092
3 Sayang
Ningthou   
Sayang Pukhri
Mapan   
Saynag Ningthopu 0.019
4 Sekmai
Koubru    
Awang Sekmai   Koubrou      1.21
5 Sekmai Ningthou
Kakching
Kakching
Moiran-gthem
Leikai
Sekmai Ningthou Kakching 0.20
6 Sekmai
Wangbarel   
Awang Sekmai    Wangbarel    0.25
7 Sorarel             Toubul bazaar Sorarel   0.20
8 Soubam
(Mawam)
Lairembi   
Thangmeiband
Hijam Diwan
Leikai   
Soubam Lairembi    0.069
9 Sugunu
Lokningthou    
Sugunu      Lokningthou     0.069
10 Sugunu
Sanamahi   
Sugunu    Sanamahi    0.069
11 Sugunu
Wangbarel
Sugunu    Wangbarel    0.069
12 Tairel Pokpi
Koubru   
Tairel pokpi    Koubru, Koumu    1.50
13 Tamphaton
Lairembi   
Kwakeithel
Lourembam Leikai  
Nungthel Leima    0.10
14 Thanagrel        Kha Khunou Thanagrel    0.25
15 Tharoijam
Yumjao
Lairenbi   
Tharoijam    Yumjao Lairenbi    0.098
16 Thoidingjam
Lairembi   
Lamlong    Thoidingjam Lairembi    0.034
17 Thonang
Panganba Lai
Manou,
Mayamba   
Kha Potsangbam
Mamang Leikai   
Thonang Panganba Lai manou,
Mayamba   
0.4
18 Thongmacha
Macha
Leihounu
Lairembi   
Sagolband
Thangjam Leirak
 
Thongngak Macha Leihounu Lairembi    0.2
19 Thonju Rakpa    Thongju part-11    Thongju Rakpa    0.33
20 Tokpa Pung
Lainingthou   
Thangmeiband D.M.
College
Tokpa Pung Lainingthou    0.003
21 Tubileima    Tabungkhok Awang
Leikai  
Tubileima    0.10
22 Uchekon
Moriba   
Uchekon Moriba    0.50
District - Imphal East
23 Arai Leima    Lalabung    Arai Leima    0.13
24 Chabugbam
Lairembi
Laishana
Kodompokpi Mayai
leikai   
Chabugbam Lairembi Laishana,
Khoiriphaba,
Tampha Lairembi   
0.002
25 Chakpa Panam
Ningthou   
Andro    Chakpa Panam Ningthou    0.012
26 Chingamathak
Ema Lairembi  
Singjamei
Chingnga mathak  
Ema Lairembi 0.21
27 Chingol
Ningthou
Chingmeiron
Maning Leikai  
Chingol Ningthou 0.50
28 Ebudhou
Marjing   
Laipham Khounou,
Sanhakpham
Ebudhou Maring 0.25
29 Ebudhou
Marjing   
Khabam Awang
Leikai, Kontha
Khabam   
Ebudhou Marjing    
 
0.10
30 Ebudhou Marjing
(Heingang)   
Heingang Mayai
Leikai   
Marjing    0.10
31 Ebudhou
Marjing   
Kairang    Ebudhou Marjing    0.20
32 Ebudhou
Marjing   
Achanbikei    Ebudhou Marjing 0.45
33 Chothe Thayai
Pakhangba   
Bishempur chothe
thawai pakhangba
khuman, Ward
no. 6   
Chothe Thayai Pakhangba
0.012
34 Chumthang
Lairembi
Mache   
Bamdyar Awang Leikai    Chumthang Lairembi Mache 10.0
35 Chumthang
Lairembi
Manou   
Bandyar Ahallup    Chunthang Lairembi Manou 30.0
36 Ebendhou
Makubi
Ching   
Keithelmanbi    Ebendhou Makubi 6.07
37 Ebudhou
Khamlangba   
Mayai Koibi    Ebudhou Khamlangba    0.025
38 Ebudhou
Khamlangba   
Sapam Leirak    Ebudhou Khamlangba 0.10
39 Ebudhou
Khamlangba   
Kakching Khullen
Moirangthem
Leikai
Ebudhou Khamlangba    
 
0.40
40 Ebudhou
Koirouhanba   
Moidampok    Koirouhanba 1.01
41 Ebudhou
Marjing   
Ahallup    Ebudhou Marjing 0.070
42 Ebudhou
Meitreng
Pakhangba   
Bishempur Joypur
Khunou,
Kha.    
 
Ebudhou Meitreng Pakhangba    
 
0.005
43 Ebudhou
Nongda
Lairen
Pakhangba   
Patsoi Part-II    Ebudhou Nongda Lairen Pakhangba    0.090
44 Ebudhou
Pakhangba   
Wangoi    Pakhangba 0.69
45 Ebudhou
Pakhangba   
Kwa Siphai, Wang
Makhong   
Ebudhou Pakhangba 0.025
46 Ebudhou
Pakhangba
Puruk Shoubi   
Uchekon    Ebudhou Pakhangba Puruk Shoubi    0.25
47 Ebudhou
Sankardev   
Wangoi    Ebudhou Sankardev 0.11
48 Ebudhou
Moirang
Kacha   
Okram Leikai,
Singjamei   
Ebuthou Moirang Kacha    0.043
49 Ebudhou
Thangjing   
Moirang
Laisang-them
Leikai   
Ebuthou Thangjing    1.0
50 Ema Ebemma
Leihoungou
Thongak
Lairembi   
Eroisemba    
 
Ema Ebemma Leihoungou Thongak
Lairembi   
0.25
51 Ema
Konthokhanbi   
Thangmeiband
D.M.College   
Ema Konthokhanbi    2.07
52 Ema
Laikhulembi   
Houbam Marak    Ema Laikhulembi    0.10
53 Ema
Nongaleima   
Thangmeiban
Hijam Diwan
Leikai  
Ema Nongaleima (Hijam Lairembi)    0.20
54 Ema Panthoibi
Lairembi
Patsoi Part-III    
 
Ema Panthoibi, Nongpok Ningthou, Lairembi    0.0003
55 Ema
Wangdongbi
Pung   
Tera    Ema Wangdongbi    0.018
56 Emoinu    Wangoi    
 
Emoinu, Keirunghanba, Keirunghanbi    0.097
57 Epa Sorarel,
Khoiriphaba   
Yurembam Awang
Leikai   
Epa Sorarel, Khoiriphaba    0.062
58 Eputhou
Nongsaba   
Kwakeithel Heinou
Khonglembi, Guru
Nongsaba Leikai   
Eputhou Nongsaba    
 
0.10
59 Eputhou
Nouthingkhong
Pakhangba   
Thangmeiband
Lairenhanjaba
Leikai   
Nouthingkhong Pakhangba    
 
0.0007
District - Imphal West
60 Ereima
Khanachouba   
Oinam Thingngel
Leikai   
Erum Ningthou    0.50
61 Erom Lairembi    Chingmakha
Phuramakhong   
Erom Lairembi    0.036
62 Erom Laishram
Lairenma   
Chanam Phukhri
Mapan, Erom
Leikai   
Erom Laishram Lairenma    
 
0.020
63 Erum Ningthou
Kakching   
Kakching    
 
Erum Ningthou    0.55
64 Heingang
Marjing   
Heingang    Ebuthou Marjing, Sagol Sanglan, Chings-
anglakpa.
7.08
65 Heirang khonung
Lairembi   
Lamlongei, Sabal
Leikai   
Heirang khonung Lairembi    
 
0.02
66 Heisnam
Panthoibi
Keisamthong
Thangjam Leirak
Heisnam Panthoibi    0.60
67 Hodam
Lairembi   
Keisamthong
Hodam Leirak
Hodam Lairenbi    0.60
68 Huidompokpi
Tarang Apanba   
Yurembam Mayai
Leikai   
Huidompokpi Tarang Apanba
 
0.65
69 Huidrom
Lairembi   
Keisamthong    Huidrom Lairembi 0.067
70 Kakching Wairi
Khamlangba   
Kakching Wairi
Khamlangba   
Ebudhou Khamlangba 0.40
71 Kakwa
Lairembi   
Singjamei Waikhom
leikai   
Lairembi    1.50
72 Kakwa Lairembi
Ema Ereima   
Kakwa Asem
Leikai   
Ema Ereima 0.75
73 Kalika
Lairembi/Khonji
Mahadeva
Khongji Loukon
 
Kalika Lairembi 5.0
74 Kangabam
Yumjao
Lairembi   
Keisampat
Kangabam
Leikai   
Yumjao Lairembi, Nongdon Lairembi    0.0007
75 Keisam Yumjao
Lairembi   
Keisampat    
 
Yumjao Lairembi    0.10
76 Khoimom
Lairembi   
Luker Mamang
Leikai   
Khoimom Lairembi    1.20
77 Khuman
Ningthou
Pakhangba   
Patsoi Part –I    Khuman Ningthou Pakhangba, Ema Malem
Leisana   
0.20
78 Khunjao
Lairembi   
Malom Tulihal    Khunjao Lairembi 0.20
79 Khurai Lai
Awangba   
Khurai    Lai Awangba    0.54
80 Khurai Lai
Khurembi   
Khurai Sajor
Leikai   
Lai Khurembi    0.039
81 Khurai
Ningthoubung
Puri Puraba   
Khurai
Ningthoubung
Leikai    
 
Lai Puri Puraba    0.060
82 Khurai Puthiba    Khurai Lamlong    Lai Puthiba    0.43
83 Khurai Yumjao
Lairenbi   
Khurai    Yumjao Lairembi    0.002
84 Kongpal
Nongmai
Leima   
Kongpal    
 
Nongmaileima    0.14
85 Kongpal Puri
Puraba   
Kongpal    Puri Puraba    0.059
86 Konjeng
Lairembi   
Konjeng Leikai    Ema Hourok Konthourembi    0.16
87 Konkham
Loiyarakpa
Nambol konkham
Leikai   
Konkham Loiyarakpa    0.30
88 Konthoujam
Lairenbi   
Konthoujam    Konthoujam Lairenbi 1.41
89 Konung lairembi/
Ebudhu
Laisana Yumjao
Lairembi   
C I college,
Bishempur   
Konung lairembi/ Ebudhu Laisana Yumjao
Lairembi
0.50
90 Koubru    Phayeng    Koubru, Kounu, Loyarakpa, Nungthel Leima    40.0
91 Koubru    Lairelkabi Mamang
Leikai   
Koubru     0.20
92 Koubru Heibongkokpi Koubru 0.003
93 Koubru Lambal Koubru 1.50
94 Koubru Tera Urak Koubru 0.03
95 Lai Eshing
Chaibi
Laisenba   
Nagamapal Market Lai Eshing Chaiba Lairenba
 
0.067
96 Lai Khurembi Lamdeng Makha
Leikai
Lai khurembi 0.20
97 Laijing Ningthou Thangmeiband
Lairenhanjaba
Leikai
Laijing Ningthou 0.0004
98 Lainingthou
Ahanba
Khurai Lai Ahanba 0.22
99 Lainingthou
 Amudon
Amudon Lainingthou Amudon 0.073
100 Lainingthou
Khamlangba
Uripok Lainingthou Khamlangba 0.050
101 Lainingthou
Khoiriphaba
Nambol Lainingthou Khoiriphaba 10.0
102 Lainingthou
Khoubomba   
Changangngei
Mamang leikai   
Lainingthou Khu-bomba, Tampha Lairembi,
Khombuleima   
0.044
103 Lainingthou
Liesing Chaibi
Lamsang Mayang
Leikai
Lai Esing Chaibi 0.50
104 Lainingthou
Nongpok
Ning-thou
Panthoibi   
Sekta    Lainingthou Nongpok Ning-thou Panthoibi    0.15
105 Lainingthou
Nouthingkhong
Lairembi
Petanga
Tamphaton, (Lai
Khurembi).   
Uripok    Laikhurembi 0.14
106 Lainingthou
Pureiromba
Lamlai Lainingthou Pureiromba 0.28
107 Lainingthou
Puthiba
Awang Khunou Lainingthou Puthiba 0.074
108 Lainingthou
Sanamahi
Wangoi Lainingthou Sanamahi, Khagemba,
Nungburembi, Nungburemba, Thawai
Yaibirembi
 
0.76
109 Lainingthou
Sorarel
Kodompokpi
Mamang Leikai
Lainingthou Sorarel 0.001
110 Lairembi Khabi Mayai leikai Lairembi 0.20
111 Laisana
Pakhangba
Toupokpi Mamang
Leikai
Laisana Pakhangba 0.076
112 Laishram
Lairembi
Kwakeithel
Laishram Leikai
Laishram Lairembi 0.044
113 Laishram
Yumjao
Lairembi
Wangkhi Laishram
Leikai
Yumjao Lairembi 0.20
114 Langol
Lairembi    
Langol Housing
Complex
Langol Lairembi    1.0
115 Langthabal
Lainingthou
Puthiba
Langthabal Lainingthou Puthiba 0.032
116 Langol Thongak
Lairembi
Langol Langol Ashithel Ema Thongak Lairembi 5.05
117 Langthabal
Kamakhya
Mandir
Langthabal Druga 0.24
118 Leisangthem
Lairembi
Leisangthem
Leikai, Singjamei
Leisangthem Lairembi 0.50
119 Loiyarakpa
(Lanjing
Thouba)
Ningthemleima
Tabungkhog Makha
Leikai
Loiyarakpa Ningthemleima 0.001
120 Mahabali
(Mongba
Hanba)
Imphal Hanumanji 5.05
121 Maklang
Nungthel
Leima
Maklang Nungthel Leima 0.40
122 Mayang Ngamba
/Loiyarakpa
Bishnupur makha
Leikai
Mayang ngamba 0.20
123 Mayokpha Keisamthong Mayokpha 0.025
124 Moirang Hanuba
Epu
Takyel Moirang Hanuba Epu 0.016
125 Moirang pokpa
Ebudhou
Thangmeiband
Polem leikai
Moirang Pokpa Eputhou 0.036
126 Moirangpokpa,
Moirangpokpi
Macha Ebungo,
Manou Ebema
Yurembam Mayai
Leikai
Moirangpokpa, Moirangpokpi Macha Ebungo,
Manou Ebema
0.40
127 Mongba Hanba Wangoi Mongba Hanba 0.003
128 Mongsangei
Ebudhou
Panganba
Mongsangei
Ningthemjao
Karong
Ebodhou Panganba 0.070
129 Ngarangbam
Loiyarakpa
Ngarangbam
Makha Leikai
Loiyarakpa 0.10
130 Ngarangbam
Pakhangba
Ngarangbam
Maning Leikai
Pakhangba 0.40
131 Ningthoukhong
Oknarel Macha
Ebemma
Ningthourel Oknarel
Leikai
Ningthoukhong Oknarel Macha Ebemma 0.27
132 Nongaren
/Nongngaleima
Kha potsangbam,
Mayai Leikai
Nongaren/Nongngaleima 0.062
133 Nongdon
Lairembi
Pakhangba
Utlou Mamang
Leikai
Nongdon Lairembi Pakhangba 0.20
134 Nongmailembi
Leima
Top Awang Leikai Nongmailembi Leima 0.75
135 Nongpok
Ningthou
Panthoibi
Khumbong Awang
Leikai
Nongpok Ningthou Panthoibi 0.40
136 Nongpok
Panthoibi
Nourem Leikai,
Awang
Panthoibi 0.069
137 Nongpok
Panthoibi
Kongba
Nongthongbam
Leikai
Nongpok Panthoibi 0.25
138 Nongpok
Panthoibi
Kongba Khunou
Leikai
Nongpok Panthoibi 0.1
139 Nongshaba
Yaiskul
Yaiskul Nongsaba 0.023
140 Nouhal Lai Kakching Nouhal Lai 0.096
141 Nouthingkhong
Pakhangba    
Patsoi Awang Leikai Pakhangba 0.37
142 Nouthingkhong
Pakhangba
Khongman
Ketanapanung   
Nouthingkhong Pakhangba 0.14
143 Nouthingkhong
Pakhangba
Patsoi Part –IV Nouthingkhong Pakhangba 1.0
144 Nungthel Leima Tabungkhok Mayai
Leikai
Nungthel Leima 0.10
145 Oknarel Khubam
Yaba
Ningthoukhong
Mamang leikai
Okanarel 0.40
146 Panganba Bamol kapu Maning
Leikai
Panganba 0.50
147 Panganba Ningthoukhong
Mayai leikai
Panganba 0.10
148 Panthoibi Kongba Khetri
Leikai
Panthoibi 0.038
149 Panthoibi,
Nongpok
Ningthou
Utlou Mayai Leikai Panthoibi, Nongpok Ningthou 0.20
150 Pathabi Ema
Lairembi
Khoijuman Ward
no.3
Pathabi Ema Lairembi 0.25
151 Phoijing Chaning
Lairembi
Nambol, Phoijing Phoijing Chaning Lairembi, Channing Leima 12.75
152 Phouoibi Shorok khaiban
Leikai, Singjamei
Phouoibi 0.5
153 Pureiromba Bamol kapu makha
Leikai   
Pureiromba 0.4
154 Pureiromba Bamol kapu Awang
Leikai   
Pureiromba 0.1
155 Pureironlaba and
Chingsomba
Andro Pureiromlaba 0.1
156 Puthiba Touthong, Mamang
Leikai
Puthiba 0.5
157 Sagoltongba
Ningthempokpa
Sagoltongba Ningthempokpa 1.03
158 Sairelkhil Koubru Shairelkhul Koubru, Tonu, Loiyarakpa 0.5
District - Thoubal
159 Wangbarel Kongba Nandeibam
Leikai
Wangbarel 0.50
160 Wangkhei
Loumanbi
(Nongpok
Panthoibi)   
Wangkhei
Loumangbi
Leikai
Nongpok Panthoibi 0.069
161 Wangoi
Wangbarel
Wangoi Wangbarel 0.092
162 Yangoi Ningthou Bishempur Joypur
khunou, Awang
Yangoi Ningthou 0.81
163 Yangoi Ningthou Thangtek Yangoi Ningthou 0.002
164 Yangoi Ningthou Khoijuman Ward
no. 2
Khoijuman Yangoi Ningthou 0.20
165 Yangoi Ningthou Toubul Mayai Leikai Yangoi ningthou 0.33
166 Yangoi Ningthou
Lainingthou
Khurai Kongpal Yangoi Ningthou Lainingthou 0.20

 

(Data source: Ashalata Devi Khumbongmayum, Khan, M.L., & Tripathi, R.S. Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh)