Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, May 19, 2022

Patna

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patna  is the largest city in the Indian state of Bihar. It also happens to be among the most ancient cities in the world. Patna is the capital of Bihar and is situated on the banks of the Ganga River. The city was originally known as Pataliputra. It was known as the seat of learning during the Mauryan rule.

 

 

 

As Patna is one of the most sacred cities of religions like Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Islam, many people travel to Patna as part of religious tourism.

 

 

 

 

Hindu pilgrimages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahavir Mandir, located in Patna, is one of the holiest Hindu temples dedicated to Hanuman. Millions of pilgrims visit the temple every year. It is the second most-visited religious shrine in North India. The Mahavir Mandir Trusts have the second highest budget in North India after the famous Vaishno Devi shrine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patan Devi - The sacred temple is held to be one of the 51 Siddha Shakti Pithas in India. According to Puranic legends, the 'right thigh' of the corpse of Sati had fallen here when it was chopped off by Lord Vishnu with his 'Sudarshan Chakra'. The ancient temple, originally called Maa Sarvanand Kari Patneshwari, is believed to be the abode of the goddess Durga.

 

 

 

 

 

Sikh pilgrimages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patna is one of the holiest cities in Sikhism, as the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here in 1666 and spent his early years before moving to Anandpur.Patna was also honoured by visits from Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1666.

 

 

 

Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb is one of the Five Takhts of Sikhism. The Gurdwara at Patna Sahib is in remembrance of the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.

 

 

 

Gurdwara Pahila Bara, commonly known as Gurdwara Ghai Ghat, is dedicated to Guru Nanak Dev, who during his visit to Patna stayed here in 1509 AD. Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family visited this place in 1666 AD.

 

 

 

Gurdwara Gobind Ghat is where the child Guru Gobind Singh used to play with his playmates on the bank of the Ganges. It is situated on the bank of river Ganges and hardly 200 yards from Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb. It is also known as Gurdwara Kangan Ghat.

 

 

 

Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh - This Gurdwara is situated 2 miles away from the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh.

 

 

 

Gurdwara Bal Leela - This place is just a few meters away from Takhat Patna Sahib. Guru ji were playing with other children during his childhood. Gurdwara Bal Leela is also known as Maini Sangat.

 

 

 

Gurdwara Handi Sahib - This Gurdwara was built in the memory of Guru Teg Bahadur, as he with Mata Gujri and Bala Preetam stayed here in 1728.

 

 

 

 

Islamic pilgrimages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pathar ki Masjid - The Pathar Ki Masjid stands on the bank of the river Ganges near Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb. Parvez Shah, son of Jahangir, established Pathar Ki Masjid in 1621. The structure is built of stones, and so it got its name as Pathar Ki Masjid.

 

 

 

 

Sher Shah Suri Masjid, a mosque, also known as Shershahi, is an example of the Afghan style of architecture. Sher Shah Suri built this mosque in 1540-1545 to commemorate his reign. It is sited in the southwest corner of Purab Darwaza near Dhawalpura.

 

 

 

 

Maner Sharif is the place where Makhdum Daulat in 1608 breathed his last. It was then in 1616 that Ibrahim Khan, Governor of Bihar who was also his disciple, finished the construction of his mausoleum.

 

 

 

 

Bihar Sharif - The city was an active centre of Muslim learning and art. Today it is a small town with a rich cultural past and is a major Muslim pilgrimage centre.

 

 

 

 

Phulwari Sharif - Some important places in Phulwari Sharif: Khanqah Mujeebia, Sheesh Mahal, Shahi Sangi Masjid, Imarat-E-Shariya.

 

 

 

 

 

Christian pilgrimages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Padari ki haveli - The "Mansion of Padre", also known as St Mary's Church, is the oldest church in Bihar. When Roman Catholics arrived in Bihar, they built a small church in 1713 at a place now known as "Padri-ki-Haveli".

 

 

 

 

 

Jain pilgrimages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kamaldah Jain Temple: It is the oldest Jain temple in Patna built in 18th century.This temple belonging to digambar sect. of Jainism, is dedicated to Neminatha, the 22nd tirthankara. This place has traditionally been associated with the birth of the renowned Jain teacher, Sthulabhadra.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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