Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, November 14, 2019

Black Bear

 Scientific Name                Ursus thibetanus
 Common Name            


Asiatic Black Bear, Bhalu (Hindi),
Karadi (Tamil)
 Distribution             Throughout India
 Conservation Status      Vulnerable (VU)
 In religion and mythology

Jambavantha (also known as Jambavan or Jamvanta) is a bear in Hindu mythology and is believed to have lived
from  treta yuga to davapara yuga . In the epic Ramayana , Jambavantha helped Rama find his wife Sita and fight her
 abductor, Ravana .
Jambavantha (the black bear)in Ramayana

Jambavantha had killed a lion who had acquired a gem called Syamantaka from Prasena after killing him. Krishna was suspected of killing Prasena for the jewel, so he tracked Prasena's steps until he learned that he had been killed by a lion who had been killed by a bear. Krishna tracked Jambavantha to his cave and a fight ensued. After twenty-one days, realizing who Krishna was, Jambavantha submitted.
He gave Krishna the gem and also presented him his daughter Jamba-vati , who became one of Krishna's wives.

There is a temple dedicated to Jambavantha at Avani (95 kms. from Bangalore), Karnataka.