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| Last Updated:: 22/05/2017

Sacred Mountains

 

 

                                                             Mount Arunachala(Tiruvannamalai), Tamilnadu

 

 

 

Sacred places are a prominent feature of different cultures all over the world. In most cases, it can be shown that the sacredness of a place is linked in some way or the other to natural objects such as trees, groves, gardens, water bodies, caves, landscapes and mountains. These sacred forms and shapes that are derived from natural objects and features often become symbolic or emblematic.

 

Throughout the world mountains are revered as mysterious places with the power to evoke an overwhelming sense of the sacred. For people of many different cultures, that mystery and sense of the sacred imbues their existence with meaning and vitality. Regarded as images of the world’s axis, these sacred mountains actually convey multiple ideas of the center of the universe, and as such were and are venerated by all cultures.

 

Mount Meru was considered to be the center of all physical and spiritual universes in Hinduism, Buddhist cosmology, and Jain mythology alike. A number of mountains in Asia, such as Mount Kailas in Tibet, and Gunung Agung in Bali, Indonesia, provide the pattern for the mythical Mount Meru or Sumeru, which stands as a cosmic axis around which the universe is organized.

 

 

Mountains may be considered sacred in several ways

 

 

  • Certain hills and peaks are designated as sacred by particular religious traditions and enveloped with myths, beliefs and religious practices.
  • For example, Mount Kailasha (at Tibet) is regarded as the abode of Lord Shiva.
  • A mountain may be associated with the activities of holy persons or beings or may contain sacred sites such as temples and groves. For example, Mount Govardhana at Brindavana is revered for its association with Lord Krishna.

  • Certain mountains that may not be considered sacred in any traditional sense are revered as places of spiritual attainment.  For example Arunachala Mountain at Thiruvannamalai is revered by people and saints as a place for spiritual attainment.

  • Throughout the world people look up to mountains as sources of blessings such as water, life, fertility and healing. Hundreds of millions revere the Himalayas, the Abode of Snow, as the source of sacred rivers, such as the Ganges, on whose life-giving waters they depend for their very existence.

 

 

Sacred mountains played a vital role in the conservation of local ecology and the environment. A variety of themes are often found within sacred mountain traditions. The beliefs demonstrate an important link between the community’s cultural identity and traditional patterns of land conservation. Sacred mountains are distinguished from other sacred sites as being exceptionally comprehensive ecosystems. Due to their topographic and bio-cultural richness they provide opportunities for climate change adaptation and act as refuges for plants and animals from environmental change and from competing species. They provide opportunities for species to move up and down and to adapt to climate change, which can play a vital role in a species’ survival.

 

Sacred Mountains and sacred sites within mountains have resulted in communities maintaining and preserving their natural resources in often-pristine conditions. Indigenous communities have long realized the value of the high diversity and natural resources within mountains and that mountain are resources of nature which nurture. The sacred mountain protected due to cultural beliefs has resulted in precious water, timber, flora, fauna, and other natural resources being maintained and preserved for future generations.

 

Sacred mountains have a special value that makes them worth protecting at all costs. Beliefs and attitudes held by people who revere them can function as powerful forces helping to preserve the integrity of natural environments.

 

Ideas and beliefs associated with sacred sites in mountains can also be used to help promote conservation, restore damaged environments and strengthen indigenous cultures. Indian scientists have been working with Hindu priests at the major pilgrimage shrine of Badrinath in the Indian Himalayas to encourage pilgrims to plant seedlings for reasons connected to their religious and cultural traditions. They hold planting ceremonies that allow people to enrich their pilgrimage experience by restoring an ancient sacred forest.

 

 

Sacred mountains highlight values and ideals that profoundly influence how people view and treat each other and the world around them. In order to be sustainable over the long term, environmental policies and programmes need to take such values and ideals into account; otherwise, they will fail to enlist the local and popular support that they need to succeed.

 

 

 

 

Source:                

http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y3549e/y3549e13.htm

http://www.ekantipur.com/the-kathmandu-post/2011/05/12/oped/save-our-mountains-why-mountain-  biodiversity-matters/221641.html  

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

List of Sacred Mountains

 

Location

Name of the Mountain

1. Andhra Pradesh

Aradhagiri

 

Bavikonda

Bojanna Konda and Lingalakonda

Boyakonda 

Dolphin Hills

Dargah Konda

Horsley Hills

Indrakeeladri

Kotappakonda

Kurmasailam hills

Mangalagiri

Nallamalai

Narasimha Konda

Ranmandala Hill

Ratnagiri Hills

Seshachalam Hills

Simhachalam

Sobhanachalam

Srisailam

Thotlakonda

Tirumala Hills

Pavuralakonda

 

2. Arunachal  Pradesh

 

Takpa Shiri

Tawang 

3. Assam

 

 

Agiathuri

Bagheswari Hill

Bamuni Hills

Bhimapur hill 

Chitra Chal Hill

Gandhamoan hills 

Hatimura hill

Kachasila Hill

Kamagiri Hills

Madan Kamdev

Monikut hill 

Nilachal Hill

Sandhyachal hill

Sukreswar or Itakhuli hill

Surya Pahar 

4. Bihar

 

 

Brahmajuni Hill

Barabar Hills

Brahmayoni

Dungeshwari

 

Gridhakuta

Gurpa Peak

Kauvadol Hills

Mandar Hill

Mundeshwari Hills

Nagarjuni Hills

Pragbodhi

Prestshila Hills

Ramshila Hill

Vaibhar Hills

5. Chhattisgarh

 

 

Dongargarh

Gadiya

Ram Tekri 

6. Goa

Chandranath parvat

7.  Gujarat

 

 

Arasur Hill

Chotila Mountain

Dinodhar Hill

Gabbar Hills

Girnar Hill 

Kailash Tekari

Kalo Dungar or Black Hill

Pavagadh Hill 

Shatrunjaya 

Tadhavaj Hill

Taranga hill

 

 

8. Haryana

 

Dhosi hill

9.Himachal Pradesh

 

 

Manimahesh Kailash Peak

 

Kinnaur Kailash

Prospect Hill

Tarna Hill

10. Jammu and Kashmir

 

 

Amarnath Peak

Gopadari Hill 

Gumbok Rangan

Hari Parbat

 

Harmukh

 

Trikuta

Watlab

11.Jharkhand

 

 

Dhwajadhari Hill

Koluha HILL

Mandar Hill

Shikharji or Parasnath Hills

Tagore Hill 

Trikut Pahar

12.Karnataka

 

 

Antara Gange

Baba Budangiri

Biligiriranga Hills

 

Brahmagiri Hill

Bytarayanahalli betta

Chamundi Hills

Chandragiri

Devaragudda

Devarayanadurga 

Gangamoola

Gudde Mardi

Hanumanthana gudda

Hemakuta Hill

Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta

Huthridurga 

Kodachadri

Kundadri Hill

Male Mahadeshwara Hills 

Malekal Tirupati hill

Malethirike hill

Markandeya

Matanga Hill 

Mullayanagiri

Nandi Hills 

Narahari Hill

Pushpagiri or Kumara Parvatha

Savandurga

Shathashrunga 

Skandagiri

Talakaveri 

Vindyagiri 

Yadavagiri

Yana Hills

13.Kerala

 

 

Aathanad

Amrithamedu

Brahmagiri

Devikulam

Kunnathur Padi

Madayipara

Malayattoor

Oorakam Mala

Pattumala

Ponnambalamedu

Sabarimalai

Sivagiri 

Thangalpara hill.

14.Madhya Pradesh

 

 

Amarkantak

Bharveli Mountain

Chauragarh Hill

Devgadh Hill

Gopachal Hill

Khandargiri 

Kundalgiri

Mandhata hills

Muktagiri

Pachmarhi

Ramgiri Hill 

Sanchi Hill

Sonagiri 

Trikuta hill

15Maharashtra

 

 

Amboli

Anjneri Hill

Bahubali Hills

Bhandar Dongar

Chandragiri 

Dandoba Hills 

Gajadhwaja

Garbhagiri

Jeevdhan hill 

Jyotiba Hill

Kalsubai

Kunthalgiri

Mahabaleshwar

Mandhardev hill

Mangi Tungi 

Nemgiri

Osmanabad

Ramtek Hills

Sahyadri Hill

Saptashrungi

Satmala hills

Toranmal

Vijasan Hills

Wadi Ratnagiri

Yamunachala

16.Manipur

 

Kaina

17Meghalaya

 

 

Jaintia Hills

Shillong Peak

18.Mizoram

 

Phawngpui

19. Odisha

 

 

Ampani hills

 

Barunei Hills

Baula hill

Bonda Hills

Budhakhol

Devagiri 

Dhauli hills

Gandhamardhan Hill

Jagamanda hills 

Kantilo

Kapilash hill

Khandagiri hill

Kumari hills

Lalitgiri

Langudi Hills

Machkund hills

Mahendragiri

Nilagiri

Olasuni hill 

Ratnagiri

Udayagiri

20.Rajasthan

 

 

Arbuda

Guru Shikhar

Massuria hill

Moti Dungri 

Mount Abu

Ratanada Hills 

Ratnagiri Hill

 

 

21. Sikkim

 

 

Gangtok

Kangchenjunga

Pemayagtse 

Samdrupste Hill

Tendong Hill 

22.Tamil Nadu

 

 

Agasthiya malai

Alagarkoil / Pazhamudhir Cholai 

Alavaipatt

Annamalai hill 

Arhatsugiri (Arihantgiri)

Arunachala Hill 

Athri Hills 

Ayikudi

Chennimalai

Chitharal Hill

Dimhatti Hill

Droog

Gajagiri hills

Gandhamadana

Ilanji

Kanakagiri

Kangeyanallur

Kanjamalai

Kapilarmalai

Keelakuyilkudi 

Kolli Malai

Koodalur hill

Kundrakudi hill 

Kurunda Malai

Mandiragiri

Marudamalai

Mukurti Peak

Nambi Hill

Padmagiri

Palamutircholai 

Palani

Pollachi

Ponnur Hills

Pranava Hill

Rangaswamy Peak

Sathuragiri or Chathuragiri Hills

Servarayan hill

Shivanmalai

Thirunarunkondai hill 

Thirupparamkundram hill

Thiruvannamalai 

Tiruchengode hill

Tiruppinaiyanrnalai

Tiruthani

Vallimalai

Valliyur

Vandavasi hill 

Vellaikkoyil

Velliangiri 

Viralimalai

23. Telangana

 

 

Ananthagiri Hills

Chintaikot

Garudachala

Keesaragutta

Maisamma Hill Trek

Manyamkonda Hills

Moula Ali 

Phanigiri

Yadagirigutta

24. Tripura

 

Unakoti hill

25. Uttar Pradesh

 

 

Govardana Hills

Kamadgiri

26. Uttarakhand

 

 

Balakun

Bandarpunch (or Bandarpoonch)

Benog Hill 

Bilwa Parvat 

Chandrashila Peak 

Chaukhamba 

Dunagiri

Elephant Peak or Haathi Parvat 

Gangolihat

Gangotri

Hardeol or 'Temple of God'

Haridwar

Jyotirmath

Kalanag

Kedarnath (Mountain)

Kumaon hills

Mana Peak

Mukteshwar

Nag Tibba

Nanda Devi 

Nanda Kot

Neelakant (or Nilkantha) 

Om Parvat 

Panchchuli

Purnagiri hill

Rishi Pahar

Swargarohini

Tarkeshwar Mahadev

Thalay Sagar

Trisul

Tungnath

Yamunotri

27. West Bengal

 

 

Phalut or Falut

Durpin Hill 

Ajodhya Hills 

Susunia hill

Mama Bhagne Pahar