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| Last Updated:: 13/03/2017

Sacred Gardens

 

 

 

Meenakshi Amman Temple , Madurai, (Tamil Nadu)

 

 

 

Sacred gardens are an ancient tradition in many major cultures, including our own. They are the cultivated counterparts of the sacred groves and are a place for meditation, spiritual awakening and celebration.Although, there is less archaeological evidence of early gardens in India, the Hindu scriptures and books (Ramayana, Abijnana Shakuntalam, Mrichchakatika etc.) give remarkably detailed description of elaborate gardens with flowerbeds, lotus ponds, fruiting trees, creepers and shady spaces. In fact, gardens are a symbol of paradise in Hindu philosophy and art.

 

 

TYPES OF SACRED GARDENS:  

 

 

Nandavanam – Divine plays (leelas) of Hindu Gods are often depicted in gardens. Most Hindu temples are therefore associated with gardens, also known as Nandavanam. These gardens are usually managed and maintained to serve the temple. Example: the Thirunandavanam or Madurakavi nandavanam attached to the Ranganathar temple at Srirangam.

 

 

Buddhists gardens – In Buddhism, gardens are described as a place for meditation and healing. There were beautiful gardens in Nalanda and Taxila. It is even believed that Lord Buddha was born under a tree at the Lumbini garden (now in Nepal), which is now listed as a World Heritage Site. The monasteries played a central part of the life in the monasteries during early periods. Even today, monasteries in India have attractive gardens attached to them.

 

 

Bagh (Bagicha) – They are ethno-silvi-horticultural gardens, traditionally planted near tanks, settlements or amidst forests, especially in the northern parts of our country. The biodiversity mainly consists of utility trees such as Mangifera indica, Madhuca latifolia, Syzygium cuminii etc. Green felling is totally banned in these gardens. Also, there is temple or separate space dedicated to the Gods (or village deity). For example, an excellent Bagh exists near a village inside the Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary in Kota. 

 

 

 

Gardens of Paradise - Mughal Gardens are square or rectangular in shape, along the lines of Persian gardens. They are generally enclosed by a high wall with imposing gates on four sides. The garden is an orderly view of paradise. They are generally associated with tombs, since the soul of the dead person is believed to have reached paradise, which is replicated on earth in the garden. The tomb garden is called Char Bagh and is based on hasht-vihisht or eight paradises plan making a cross-axial garden.  The well-known tomb gardens of India are Humayun’s Tomb (1571), Delhi; Akbar’s Tomb (1613), Sikandra, Agra; Taj Mahal (1630), Agra; and Bibi Ka Maqbara (1661) Aurangabad. 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sacred Gardens of India:

 

 

 

 

State

Garden

Andhra Pradesh

 

 

Tiruchanur

 

Tirumala –Tirupati Gardens

 

 

Bihar

 

 

Bodhgaya

 

Jetavana Buddha Garden

 

Nalanda Buddhist Monastery Garden

 

 

Delhi

 

 

Akshardham Temple

 

Humayun's Tomb Garden

 

Lodhi Gardens

 

Lotus Temple

 

Roshanara Garden

 

Safdarjung's Tomb Garden

 

 

Gujarat

 

 

Akshardham Temple 

 

 

Haryana

 

 

Pinjore Gardens

 

 

Jammu & Kashmir

 

 

Achabal Bagh

 

Chashme Shahi Garden

 

Dara Shikoh Garden

 

Nasim Bagh

 

Nishat Bagh

 

Pari Mahal

 

Shalimar Gardens

 

Verinag Garden

 

 

Karnataka

 

 

Bidar Fort Gardens

 

Bijapur

 

Melkote

 

 

Madhya Pradesh

 

 

Islamnagar Gardens

 

Kaliadeh Palace Garden

 

Mai ki Bagiya

 

Sanchi Great stupa Garden

 

 

Maharashtra

 

 

Bani Begum Garden

 

Bibi ka Maqbara Garden

 

Daulatabad Fort Garden

 

 

Meghalaya

 

 

Lalong Park

 

 

Odisha

 

 

Ekamravan garden

 

Gundicha Temple Garden

 

Hanuman Vatika

 

Rajarani temple garden

 

Rani Sati Temple garden

 

 

Punjab

 

 

Aam Khas Bagh

 

Ram Bagh

 

 

Rajasthan

 

 

Amer Fort Gardens

 

Deeg Palace Gardens

 

Dholpur Lotus Garden

 

Kanak Vrindavan Garden 

 

Mandore Gardens

 

Ranakpur Jain Temple Garden

 

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh

 

 

Tamil Nadu

 

 

Koodal Azhagar Koil

 

Madanagopalaswamy Temple Garden

 

Madurai Meenakshi Amman temple

 

Mannargudi Rajagopalswamy Temple Garden

 

Sri Oppiliappan Temple Garden

 

Sri Varadaraja Perumal Temple Garden

 

Srirangam  Madurakavi Nandavanam

 

Srivilliputhur Andal Nandavanam

 

Thiruvanaikkaval Vaaleeswarar Temple Garden

 

 

 

 

Uttar Pradesh

 

 

Akbar‘s Tomb

 

Bara Imambara Garden

 

Etimad-ud-Daula's Tomb

 

Khusrau Bagh

 

Kushinagar Buddhist garden

 

Mehtab Bagh

 

Ram Bagh

 

Sarnath

 

Sikandar Bagh

 

Taj Mahal Garden

 

Vrindavan Gardens

 

Zenana Garden 

 

 

West Bengal

 

 

Pareshnath Jain Temple