Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Wednesday, November 30, 2022

Restored Sacred Groves

 

 

 

 

 

C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre is a Centre of Excellence of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India, established jointly by the Ministry and the C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar Foundation,Chennai.

 

 

CPREEC Centre has been set up to increase consciousness and knowledge about the environment and the major environmental problems facing the country today.  It has been conducting a variety of programmes to spread awareness and interest among the public, including, teachers, students, voluntary workers, educators, farmers, women and youth, on all aspects of the environment and ecology, with the purpose of promoting conservation of nature and natural resources.

 

 

In 1993, CPREEC decided to take education to action, and took up the restoration of sacred groves as a pilot project.  Through the years, CPREEC has restored 52 sacred groves in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.


SACRED GROVES RESTORED BY CPREEC (SPATIAL MAP)

 

 

  

Introduction

 

  

India has a long tradition of conserving nature by giving it a spiritual dimension. There is a strong symbiotic relationship between the biophysical ecosystem and socio-economic institutions, with strong cultural relations binding them. Culture and environment have been regarded as complementary, yet dynamic. The various cultural connections are expressed through myths and religious practices that celebrate plants and animals, forests, rivers, mountains and precincts that are so essential for existence.

 

 

The sacred groves are an undisturbed patch of vegetation left on the outskirts of the villages in the plain or a part of a forested area.  They are dedicated to local folk deities or ancestral spirits that are protected by the local people through social traditions and taboos incorporating spiritual and ecological values and are called sacred groves. These groves are found all over the country with local names and associated deities.

 

  

 

RESTORATION OF SACRED GROVES   (1993-94 to 2017-18) 

 

 
 

S. No.

 

State & District

Place

Name of the deity

TAMILNADU

 1

Thiruvallur

Velliyur

Vinayagar

 2

 

Veeranathur

Veeranatheswarar

 3

 

Iyaneri

Ponniyamman

 4

 

Poondi

Sri Oondreeswarar

 5

Kanchipuram

Damal

Draupadhiamman

 6

 

Nenmeli

Rathina Muthumariamman

 7

 

Thaiyur

Parasathamman

 8

 

Kunnam

Poovathamman

 9

Thiruvannamalai

Pavithram

Ayyanar

 10

 

Pavupattu

Kannamadai Ayyanar

 11

 

Hasanamapettai

Ponniamman

 12

 

Maynallur

Ellaiamman

 13

Pudukkottai

Peraambur

Kottaimettan

 14

 

Sithannavasal

Vettikaruppar

 15

 

Annavasal

Ooralikaruppar

 16

 

Vadavalam

Punugukaruppar- Porpanai muneeswarar

 17

 

Ilayavayal

Ayyanar

 18

 

Karambakkudi

Muthukarupaiyya Swami

 19

Madurai

Pappapatti

Ochandamman

 20

 

Thimmanatham

Karuppasamy

 21

 

Koodal Senkulam

Meenakshi Sundareswarar

 22

Sivagangai

Kollangudi

Vettudaya kalliamman

 23

Thirunelveli

Perunkottur

Thirukotti Ayyanar

 24

Vellore

Sirunamalli

Alavattamman

 25

 

Pudheri

Perumal

 26

 

Nambirajapuram

Subramanyar

 27

 

Arunkundram

Singaravelar

 28

 

Nelvoi

Draupathi Amman

 29

Trichy

Poigaipatti

Nayanmar and Kannimar

 30

 

Kannudayanpatti

Nallandavar

 31

Nagapattinam

Thiruppugalur

Agneeswarar

 32

Thanjavur

Punnainallur

Mariamman

 33

 

Vennantrangarai

Thanjaipureeswar

 34

 

Papanasam

Srinivasa Perumal

 35

Thiruvarur

Mannargudi

Meenakshi Chokkanathar

 36

Erode

Bannari

Mariamman

 37

The Nilgiris

Masinagudi

Masiniamman

 38

Villupuram

Thiruvamathur

Abhirameswarar

 39

 

Siruvangur

Kariya varadaraja Perumal

 40

Virudhunagar

Meenakshipuram

Sri Valinji Ayyanar

 41

Rameshwaram

Thangachimadam

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

 42

Nellore

Prabugiripattinam

Anjaneyar

 42

 

Mallam

Subramanyeswarar

 44

Chittoor

Yerpedu

Uthalakeswarar

 45

 

Ramagiri

Valeeswarar

 46

 

Gurramkonda

Sidheswarar

 47

 

Eguapalyam

Amirtha kandeswarar

 48

Cuddappah

Odhiveedu

Sri Anjaneyar

KARNATAKA

 49

Mandya

Chikkade

Deveeramma

 50

 

Haravu

Sri Rama

 51

Mysore

Doddahejjur

Hanumantharayar

 52

Tumkur

Karahalli

Sri Ranganathaswamy

 53

 

Kallukote

Guddada  Lakshmi Ranganatha Swami