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| Last Updated:: 16/03/2018

Snake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name

 

Naja Naja Linn

 

Common name

 

Snake / Indian Cobra

 

Hindi

 

Saap

 

Sanskrit

 

Naga / Sarpah

 

Distribution

 

Throughout India (excluding the Northeast), at habitats from sea level up to 2000 metres

 

Religious association

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Snake worship is more common in rural areas than in urban.The naga is associated with almost every Hindu deity like Ganesha Goddess Durga, Varuna, Lord Shiva, Kartikeya and Vishnu.

 

 

 

 

 

Buddha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The serpent-king Muchalinda protected Gautama from a raging storm, as he meditated beneath the bodhi tree, by spreading its hood while he was meditating.

 

 

 

 

 

Parshvanatha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The icon of Jain Tirthankara Parshvanatha is identified by the cobra behind his head or at the base of his pedestal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Kerala, every tharavad or matrilineal home has a sarpa kavu or snake grove at the back, where the spirits of the ancestors are propitiated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goddess Manasa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The people of Assam also worship the snake goddess Manasa, a form of Shakti. The tribes of north-east India have various forms of snake worship. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: “Sacred Animals Of India” by  Nanditha Krishna, (Penguin Book India, 2010)

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Serpent_Goddess_Manasa_LACMA_M.83.1.2_(3_of_7).jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parshvanatha

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nagaraja_-_Hindu_Deity_-_India.jpg

http://www.nagatherapy.com/what-is-a-naga/

http://zoo-med.weebly.com/uploads/2/6/9/2/26921072/2123285_orig.jpg