Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Tuesday, April 13, 2021

Indian Beach









Botanical Name

Pongamia pinnata Linn.

Common Name

Indian Beech, Karanj (Hindi), Pungam (Tamil), Karanja (Sanskrit)


Throughout India


Religious association



It is sacred to Goddess Varahi, the consort of Varaha- an incarnation of Vishnu




In Aruyveda, Karanj is used to as an antihelminthic and is also useful in the diseases of the eye, skin and the vagina. The oil is used to cure tumours, wounds, ulcers, itching and other ailments. The leaves are also used as cattle fodder. The tree is a good dust collector and acts as an environmental purifier. It has also been used traditionally in the northern parts of India as a natural pesticide.