Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, June 20, 2019

Grasses of the Rig veda

 

 

Grasses of  the Rig Veda (RV):

 

·         Durva                Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) –   RV, X. 16, 13; 134, 5; 142, 8

 

·         Kasha              Wild Sugarcane (Saccharum spontaneum) - RV. X.100, 10

 

·         Kusha              Grass of lucky augury (Desmostachya bipinnata) – RV, I.191, 3

 

·         Munja               Bengal cane (Saccharum bengalense) – RV. I. 191, 3

 

·         Paka Durva       Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) - RV. X. 16, 13

 

·         Shara               A reed, Bengal cane (Saccharum bengalense) – RV. I. 191. 3

 

·         Trina                Lemon grass ( Cymbopogon citrates) – RV. I. 161, 1; 162, 8, 11; X.102, 10

 

·         Ulapa               Cogon grass (Imperata arundinacea) - RV. X.142, 3.

 

·         Vamsha            Bamboo (Bambusa bambos) – RV. I. 10, 1

 

·         Yava                Barley (Hordeum vulgare) – RV. I. 23. 15; 66. 3; 117.  21; 135. 8; 176. 2; II. 5,                         6; 14, 11; V. 86; VII, 3, 4; VIII, 2, 3; 22, 6; 9, 78.

 

Trees are very important for locating a text. All the grasses mentioned above are located on the Indian sub-continent. Their appearance in the Rig Veda granted them sanctity in later Hindus.