Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Fish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific name

 

Teleostei (sub-class): genera not  Known

 

Common name

 

Fish

 

Hindi

 

Machli

 

Sanskrit

 

Matsya

 

Distribution

 

Salt and fresh water

 

Religious association

 

 

 

 

Matsya Narayana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matsya is the avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu in the form of a fish, preceding Kurma(Tortoise). There are only two temples to Matsya, one of which is the Shankhodara temple at Bet Dwarka in Gujarat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of the eight auspicious signs (ashtamangala) of Mahayana Buddhism is a pair of golden fish called suvarna matsya. The Mahayana goddess Varahi holds a Rohita fish in her right hand. This is probably influenced by Tantricism where the fish is one of the five essentials.

 

 

 

 

 

Tirthankara Aranatha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The emblem of the eighteenth Jain Tirthankara Aranatha is the fish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: “Sacred Animals Of India” by  Nanditha Krishna,  (Penguin Book India, 2010)

http://keepthumping.blogspot.in/2010/11/solo-ride-to-chikmagalur-sringeri_19.html

https://www.exploretibet.com/blog/the-eight-auspicious-symbols-of-buddhism/

https://hinduism.stackexchange.com/questions/2080/are-there-any-temples-for-matsya-kurma-and-varaha-avatars/22828#22828 

http://archive.indianscriptures.com/gods/jain-tirthankars/arahnath-18th-tirthankar