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| Last Updated:: 03/01/2015

Bihar

Sacred Groves in Bihar

Although there are several tribes among whom this tradition is present in Bihar, not much information is available about sacred groves in the State. The sacred groves in Bihar are locally known as Sarnas. 43 sacred groves have been documented in the state.

 

Raksel, Darha, Marang-Baru, Jaher-Buri, Chandi, Dharti, Satbahini and Jaherera are some of the deities to whom these groves are dedicated. Hatubongako or the village gods occupy the most significant place in the groves. They are regarded as the guardians of the village and their help is invoked in agricultural and other economic operations.

 

 

Bamboo and sal trees are among the most commonly found plant species in the sacred groves.

 

 List of Sacred Grove in Bihar

 

Si.No

Name of the Sacred Grove

District

Area (Acre)

1

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

2

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1

3

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2.50

4

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.50

5

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3

6

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

7

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.50

8

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2.30

9

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.20

10

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

11

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1

12

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

13

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.50

14

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3

15

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3.50

16

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2.50

17

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.30

18

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

19

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3.50

20

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3.00

21

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.50

22

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

23

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1

24

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.50

25

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1

26

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

27

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

1.50

28

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3

29

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

2

30

Sarhuli Mander

Palamau

3

31

Sarhuli Mander

Chikmagngal

0.10

32

Sarhuli Mander

Chikmagngal

0.50

33

Sarhuli Mander

Chikmagngal

0.10

34

Mahakali Bana

Chikmagngal

0.50

35

Rakteshwari

Chikmagngal

2

36

Ther-Jattngu

Chikmagngal

10

37

Panjurli

Chikmagngal

1

38

Choud-Jattuga Bana

Chikmagngal

0.25

39

Brahma Nagar Ban

Chikmagngal

0.25

40

Jattuga Bana

Chikmagngal

1

41

Hulidevara Kadu

Chikmagngal

50

42

Devi Kanu, Hulidevara Vana

Chikmagngal

0.25

43

Hulidevara Vana , Devi Kanu

Chikmagngal

0.10

( Source:  Ranwa , Pune and Gadgil.M , 1998 and Gokhale.Y, 2002)