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| Last Updated:: 25/03/2016

Sacred Groves in Assam

 

 

                                             Ronghang Rongbong, Hamren , Karbi Anglong  District , Assam 

 

 

 

 

Forest dwelling tribes such as Bodo and Rabha inhabiting the plains and foothills of Western Assam have the tradition of maintaining sacred groves which are locally called “Than”. Dimasa tribes of the North Cachar hills in Haflong district of Assam call sacred groves “Madaico”.  17 sacred groves have been documented in the state.

 

Sibrai, Alu Raja, Naikhu Raja, Wa Raja, Ganiyang, Braiyung and Hamiadao are the various deities to whom these sacred groves are dedicated. Vaishnav temples called Shankara Deva Mathas are distributed all over the state. Sacred groves are attached to these Mathas.

 

Giant Bamboo, Pear Bamboo, Pink banana, Metico pepper, Indian smilax, Areca nut, Sand paper tree and Devil’s cotton are among the most commonly found plant species in the sacred groves. The identity of an area/village is often associated with plant resources either available in the area/village or important locally. 

 

There is a taboo in the groves on killing of deer during their mating season and protection is extended to birds during the nesting period.

 

 

List of SG in Assam

 

SI.No

 Name of the Sacred Grove

 Area (Ha)

1

Socheng

24

2

Chinthong

5

3

Langsomepi

65

4

Linchika

21

5

Rongcheck

11

6

Amri

8

7

Long-e-luboi

19

8

Rumphum

Not Known

9

Tirkim

32

10

Ronghidi

8

11

Tikka

8

12

Borgaon

25

13

Jirkinding

Not Known

14

Rongpongbong

Not Known

15

Umsowai

Not Known

16

Rongjangphomg

Not Known

17

Kungripi

Not Known

Source: Karbi  Anglong Community Resource Management Society

 

 

Sacred Groves in  North Cachar Hills District of Assam

 

Si.No

 Name of the Sacred Groves

 Village

1

Aludikho

Mahurbra

2

Longmailaidikho

Moti

3

Longmailumdikho

Dijowahapa

4

Manjadikho

Mailu

5

Damadidikho/Riaodikho

Daulagupu

6

Hamridikho

Palaipa/Daudungkhor

7

Misimdikho

Gerem basti

8

Baiglaidikho/Baigiadikho

Bongkhai

9

Waibradaikho

Hajageder

10

Mongrangdikho/Semkhordikho

Semkhor

11

Mongrangdikho

Banjikhalu

12

Ronchandidikho (Bamin)

Dajdi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Pramod Medhi and Sachin Kumar Borthakur , “Sacred Groves of the Dimasas of North Cachar Hills of Northeast India”.